Our Company firmly believes in Quality and the concepts of Quality Assurance & Quality Control are well understood by us. The important concept of these two terms are furnished below.
Totality of features and characteristics of a product or a service that bear on its ability to satisfy the stated and implied needs.
All those planned and systematic actions necessary to provide adequate confidence that a product or a service will satisfy given requirement for quality.
The Operational techniques and activities that are used to fulfill the requirements for quality.
We are following the below mentioned Work Practices to achieve Quality Assurance and Quality Control for the electrical work carried out by us.
Quality Assurance can be mainly attributed to the materials supplied to site and Quality control plan will be for conversion of material supplied to work.
Quality Assurance starts from the ordering of the materials from our Purchase Department. The order to the suppliers will contain the entire specification as indicated in Bill of Quantity and as per the particular specification of the “Tender Document”. The Supplier will be given with strict instructions that the material supplied by the Supplier should be in accordance with the specification. For this, the supplier will be asked to produce necessary Type Test Certificate, Manuals and any other relevant document along with the materials supplied. This will be insisted to all the OEM Manufacturers, whereas in the case of Fabricated items like Switchboards (in Bangalore), the same will be inspected in the Shop Floor at various stages by our Engineers to make sure the quality is maintained by the Fabricator.
After the initial order is given to the various suppliers, final working drawings will be collected from the Consultants/Clients and detailed assessment for each item of work will be made as per the schemes and as per the layout drawings – for example like Cable Schedule, Light Fitting Schedule, MCB DB schedule. Any changes in the schematic drawings of panels and the quantities and charges/amendments will be informed to the Supplier along with a copy to the Clients/Consultants. This is to ensure that there is no additional or excess material supplied as per the requirement and as per the final working drawing.
Regarding the materials supplied to the site, the material will be checked for the quantity mentioned in the Supplier’s invoice.
All the materials received at site will be visually checked for any physical or mechanical damages and for missing or short supply items, the same will be reported to the Office to take necessary action.
The materials received at site will be properly stored and identification tags will be provided before issuing the material for the work. The same will be physically checked and issued.
For all the major equipment supplied by us, necessary factory test certificates, instruction manuals, wherever applicable will be documented and copy of the same along with the final as built drawings will be submitted to the consultants/clients for their records and maintenance.
Fire — 101
Ambulance — 102
Police — 100
Everybody should take active part to ensure all safety precautions.
» Safety precautions play a vital role in protecting workmen from injury during execution of job.
» Some of the important safety kits are listed below. They must be in good condition.
» Safety Helmets – Use where work is going on at different levels
» Safety belts – Used for workmen working on height, on exterior sides of the building
» Hand gloves – Used for Materials handling, gas cutter, welding machine etc.
» Safety goggles – Used for gas welding, grinding, pavement breaking etc.
» Safety Shoes – For asphalting, cutting hard rock, concreting works etc.
First aid is an immediate and temporary care given to the victim of an accident or sudden illness till the treatment from the doctor is made available. It is important for the person giving first aid to know what is to be done at the time of crisis. Improper and careless handling of the injured person may increase the severity of the injury and may even cause a death.
» Dressing cotton
» Packet of cotton wool
» 75mm roller bandage
» General medicines
» Triangular bandage
» Potassium permanganate
» 25mm roller bandage
» Safety pins
» Iodine bottle
In construction work the Three Major Causes of injuries are possible where great care is required.
b) Sudden stoppage of respiration
Usually bleeding can be controlled by direct pressure applied to the wound with a sterile dressing or any cloth, on the affected area. Keeping the victim in lying position will control the bleeding to certain extent.
(b) SUDDEN RESPIRATORY BLOCKAGE
In case of electric shock, gas poisoning , suffocation etc., where breathing is stopped, immediate action is necessary. However, mouth to mouth respiration should be started without any loss of time until the victim starts breathing on his own or he is rought to the doctor.
(c) FRACTURES In case of visible fractures and even a fracture suspected, the adjacent joints should be immobilized. If the fracture is accompanied by bleeding, it should be controlled while carrying the victim to the doctor. Care should be taken not to disturb the fractured bone.
» Insertion of the loose wires in sockets without a plug pin. This is the most common practice, and the cause of most of the Electrical Accidents at construction sites. As the insertion of loose wires is mostly done by the unskilled helpers or carpenters, fitters, etc. the insertion of earthing wire (green wire) lead into live terminal of socket which passes the current directly into the equipment, and ultimately the person holding the equipment gets the shock.
» Avoiding the use of gloves while working on live line.
» Improper joining of the cables and the wires
» Exposed switches
» Switch plug socket units installed in the open area, without any protection from rain. Etc
The preliminary requirements to control the accidents and to active the safety precautions is to know the possibilities of ccidents and the precautionary measures to overcome the same.
This is discussed in the tabular format. List of possible accidents at site Precautionary measures for various accidents
Immediate actions to be taken in case of accidents
Even though most of the situations leading to accidents are covered, there may be still more which can cause accidents.
Hence priority should be given to all necessary safety precautions to avoid accidents.
It is the duty of all the site staff to remain alert and be sure about the safety precautions to avoid accidents.
If contractors / subcontractors are not obliging then it will be preferable to delay the work on safety account rather than starting any work leading to accidents.
RESPONSIBILITIES IN CASE OF ACCIDENTS
First aid is an immediate and temporary care given to victim. Inform to the Head Office (Personal Department) and to the contractor. If required may be admitted to the nearby hospital.
Firstly, attempt should be made to save the life of victim. Give treatment with first aid box and immediately admit the patient to a nearby hospital. Inform to Head Office (Personal Department)/C.E./Director), contractor and family members of the Victim.
In case of any mishap or fire at constructions sites, inform fire department immediately for rescue purpose.